Statutory Provisions.
Statutory Provisions
2.1 The Government of India has enacted legislations for safe handling, storage, use and transportation of hazardous and toxic chemicals. These rules are enforced by various agencies at Central and State Government levels. These agencies include, Controller of Explosives (Government of India), Central Pollution Control Board (Government of India), Delhi Pollution Control Committee, Factories Inspectorate, transport authorities and local health authorities.
2.2 Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 has been supplemented by the "Manufacture Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989." These Rules, which have been enacted by the Central Government for managing chemical accidents, the" Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1996 "compliment the Manufacture Storage and Import of hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989. It provides for a four tier crisis management system to be setup at Local, District, State and Central level .The rules were notified on 2nd August, 1996 by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, under the Environment Protection Act, 1986.
2.3 These Rules provide for a statutory back-up for setting up of Crisis Groups at Local, District, State and Central Level which have Major Accident Hazard (MAH) installations. As per provisions of these Rules, the Government of India has constituted a Central Crisis Group, to deal with major chemical accidents and provide expert guidance for handling major chemical accidents in the country besides other functions mentioned in Office Order No. 3-15/9I-HSMD dated 27.09.1996.
2.4 The Rules provide for keeping public informed on chemical accidents, prevention, preparedness and mitigation. These Rules will enable preparation of Off-site Emergency Plan, updation, and conduct of mock-drill. It will further enhance the implementation of Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991, for providing relief to the victims

Last Updated Date :- 30-11-2018

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